The Arabian Oryx, Qatar’s national animal (Oryx leucoryx) or white Oryx is a medium-sized antelope with a distinct shoulder bump, long, straight horns, and a tufted tail. It is a bovid, and the smallest member of Oryx genus, native to desert and steppe areas of the Arabian peninsula. The Arabian Oryx was extinct in the wild by the early 1970s, but was saved in zoos and private preserves and reintroduced into the wild starting in 1980.
The mythical unicorn may have originated in part from the Arabian Oryx, which can appear to have only one horn when seen in profile. An alternative origin of the mythical one-horned unicorn may have been from sightings of an injured Oryx; Aristotle and Pliny the Elder held that the Oryx was the unicorn's "prototype".
From certain angles, the Oryx may be mistaken as having one horn instead of two, and given that its horns are made from hollow bone which cannot be re-grown, if an Oryx were to lose one of its horns, for the rest of its life it would have only one horn.
A Qatari Oryx named "Orry" was chosen as the official games mascot for the 2006 Asian Games in Doha, and is shown on tail wings of planes belonging to Middle Eastern airline Qatar Airways. Visit the Oryx Farm in Qatar, where Qatar’s National Animals are still preserved.